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Bamboo As one of the first construction tools, has been and continues to be a traditional, sustainable, economical, flexible and resistant technology, which attracts the attention of designers, architects and engineers to integrate it into the most modern constructions.

Bamboo, since ancient times, has been used by man in construction.

For humanity, bamboo represents an excellent alternative to expensive construction materials, such as cement and brick, in addition to being a source of carbon dioxide absorption and an excellent replacement for tree wood, since it takes approximately five years to renew itself, which means that its production, compared to that of pine trees, is four times greater.

Bamboo production is becoming more and more popular in hot and humid places; millions of people now live in houses made of bamboo, as they claim that it is a very noble, resistant, ecological and cheap material.
According to the article “Bamboo as a construction material”, by Juan Carlos Rodríguez Romo, from the Aguascalientes Technological Institute, in Bangladesh 73 percent of the inhabitants have this type of housing; Guayaquil, another of the cities where its use has spread, pursues it with 50 percent of bamboo houses, which is not only a rich material.
due to its characteristics, as it also has “anti-seismic” properties, due to its resistance and flexibility.

Nelly Belinda Falck, architect from the Autonomous University of Guadalajara, in her article “Bamboo used as construction material”, assures that one of the best species of bamboo for construction is guadua, as it is one of the most resistant. In addition, it recognizes the advances that the use of this material has had, since in Colombia and other countries they already have plants selling guadua for platforms and frameworks.
Bamboo in construction can be used in many ways: on roofs, walls, walls; also immersed in other materials (such as concrete) to reinforce walls or tiles with positive results.
Simón Vélez, Colombian architect and pioneer in the modern use of bamboo in construction, describes this material as “the vegetal steel of construction.” In addition, he discovered that if screws or rods are used to join the bamboo in the structures, it can become so resistant as to build 9-meter roofs capable of supporting up to 10 tons.

Architect Vélez has made large bamboo constructions in Brazil, Colombia, Germany, India and recently in Mexico; In addition, he has his residence of 2 thousand square meters in Bogotá, and recognizes that an air conditioning unit is not necessary, since one of the properties of bamboo is to absorb the sun's rays, a characteristic that keeps the interior area cool and dry. Sustainability, durability and resistance are the three main factors that influence the use of bamboo in construction to become increasingly common; Furthermore, in terms of production, bamboo needs minimal care to protect itself from pests, since being part of the grass family, it does not need replanting, but sprouts naturally.

The use of bamboo in the construction industry is recommended in hot and humid areas; This captures the sun's rays and prevents the spread of heat; In addition, it allows adequate ventilation due to its properties light in structure, so the temperature inside remains stable and pleasant.

Bamboo homes are capable of insulating cold, heat and even noise, thanks to the air chambers that form their trunks, which are also used to make prefabricated panels that are more resistant, lighter and more flexible compared to conventional ones.

Another special advantage of this “vegetable steel” during felling, processing, transportation, storage and construction is that its handling is extremely simple and traditional. The cane parts can be used in different ways, and even the leaves serve as animal feed or straw, so there is no waste; and if the surface of bamboo is considered to be round and smooth, it is not necessary for it to undergo surface treatment or be combined with any other material to avoid damage to the touch when used.

Now, because guadua is a component of nature, constructions made of this material are susceptible to attack by pests. If the earth is too humid in the place where they are founded, it will be necessary to apply appropriate treatments for their preservation, or use stone, concrete or bricks at the base to prevent moisture from reaching the bamboo.

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